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Monday, April 27, 2020 | History

2 edition of Soil erosion by wind and measures for its control on agricultural lands found in the catalog.

Soil erosion by wind and measures for its control on agricultural lands

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Land and Water Development Division.

Soil erosion by wind and measures for its control on agricultural lands

  • 160 Want to read
  • 3 Currently reading

Published in Rome .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Wind erosion.,
  • Soil conservation.

  • Edition Notes

    Bibliography: p. 82 - [88]

    Statementprepared by the Agricultural Engineering Branch.
    SeriesFAO agricultural development paper,, no. 71
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsS401.U6 A13 no. 71
    The Physical Object
    Paginationviii, 87, [1] p.
    Number of Pages87
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL5819146M
    LC Control Number61004891
    OCLC/WorldCa1192727

    Items where Subject is "Soil > Erosion" Row Cropping Sandy Soils Under Sprinklers Using a Winter Grain Cover to Control Wind Erosion. Idaho Agricultural Experiment Station Bulletin No. University of Idaho College of Agriculture. First European Conf. and Trade Exposition on Erosion Control. Lecture Book IECA.


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Soil erosion by wind and measures for its control on agricultural lands by Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Land and Water Development Division. Download PDF EPUB FB2

Get this from a library. Soil erosion by wind and measures for its control on agricultural lands. [Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Land and Water Development Division.]. Soil Erosion by Wind and Measures for its Control Soil erosion by wind and measures for its control on agricultural lands book Agricultural Lands.

FAO Agricultural Development Paper no. Publisher: Rome.: Food and Soil erosion by wind and measures for its control on agricultural lands book Organizaiton of the United Nations (FAO) Publication year: Notes: Library holding:CONS show all notes.

When vegetation is sparse as a result of drought or some cropping practices or crop types, ridges and large soil clods (or aggregates) are frequently the only means of controlling erosion on large areas. Roughening the land surface with ridges and clods reduces the wind velocity and traps drifting soils.

Soil erosion by wind and measures for its control on agricultural lands. By Rome (Italy). Land and Water Development Div. FAO and AGL. Abstract. This paper summarizes basic information on wind erosion and practices for its control. Recommendations are set forth to combat wind erosion on cultivated lands.

Soil erosion by wind and measures for its control on agricultural lands book reviews also the protection of. Abstract. Wind erosion is a serious problem in many parts of the world.

It physically removes the most fertile portion of the soil from the field, pollutes the air, fills road ditches, reduces seedling survival and growth, and lowers the marketability of many vegetable by: By considering two soil states (crusted and aggregated) along with the erosion processes, one can define the temporal soil properties of dry soils that control soil erodibility.

These temporal properties include the dry stabilities, mass fractions and size distributions of mobile and immobile soil components. The book deals with several aspects of soil erosion, focusing on its connection with the agricultural world. Chapters’ topics are various, ranging from irrigation practices to soil nutrient, land use changes or tillage methodologies.

The book is subdivided into fourteen chapters, sorted in four sections, Cited by: 9. Measures and actions to prevent and control soil erosion To prevent degradation by erosion processes (and slides) of land is needed urgent protection measures and works of soil and for stopping soil erosion processes are necessary measures and ecological reconstruction works (afforestation) of these lands.

Details and descriptions for erosion and sedimentation control measures are found in the Erosion and Sediment Pollution Control Program Manual. A conservation plan or an erosion and sedimentation control plan reflects the current agricultural operation. It is the responsibility of the landowner or user to keep the plan current.

A soil’s type and physical characteristics are important factors in the amount of erosion it may experience. According to the Natural Resource Conservation Services, four major soil groups exist, based on their infiltration rate: ‰Type A: Sands and gravels, which Soil erosion by wind and measures for its control on agricultural lands book low runoff potential, high infiltration Size: 2MB.

It covers dryland farming systems and soil water management, environmental quality and sustainability, and erosion control techniques as they relate primarily to Mainland China. With additional global examples and a balance between conceptual and applied studies, it covers some of the most progressive work in soil erosion control and dryland farming from around.

Soil erosion: An agricultural production challenge Encyclopedia Article Soil erosion is a gradual process that occurs when the impact of water or wind detaches and removes soil particles, causing the soil to deteriorate. Agricultural land is a major area with the highest soil erosion rate in Indonesia.

Some soil erosion controls must be done to reduce soil erosion rate, especially on agricultural sloping lands. imperative. Soil and water conservation is the basis of such a program, and also helps improve land impoverished by erosion and overuse—makes it more productive so that it can support more people.

For effective conservation of soil and water, we must treat and use the various kinds of land according to their capability and need. To do this. Methods for Controlling Wind Erosion D. Fryrear Agricultural Research Service U.

Department of Agriculture Big Spring, Texas E. Skidmore Agricultural Research Service U. Department of Agriculture Manhattan, Kansas Wind erosion is a serious problem in portions of the USA and becomes more widespread and severe during droughts. 15 May,Rome - Wind, rain and industrial farming techniques accelerates soil erosion and can be mitigated before the world faces calamitous losses in terms of agricultural yields and critical ecosystem functions.

Soil Erosion and Conservation provides a comprehensive treatment of the processes of soil erosion, the methods that can be used for their control, and the issues involved in designing and implementing soil conservation programmes.

Features of the third edition of this internationally recognised textbook include: New material on gully erosion, tillage practices, erosion risk /5(4).

Fauck, R.: Soil erosion in the Sahelian zone of Africa: its control and its effect on agricultural production. Int. Symp. Rainfed Agr. Semi-Arid Regions, Riverside: Univ. of Cited by: 3.

Bullock, in Encyclopedia of Soils in the Environment, Soil Erosion. Soil erosion is the movement and transport of soil by various agents, particularly water, wind, and mass movement; hence climate is a key factor.

It has been recognized as a major problem since the s and, although there has been some 70 years of research into the causes and processes, it is still.

The role of forestry in wind erosion control. As in the case of water erosion, forestry has an important role to play in the control of wind erosion. Three forestry practices are now gaining wider application in the arid regions: wind-breaks and shelter-belts; sand dune stabilization; and multipurpose trees.

Soil erosion, the wearing away of soil by water, wind, and other forces, is a natural process that can be accel- erated by human activities. This report provides background on the sources and extent of erosion in the United States and the policies and programs undertaken to reduce the problem on agricultural lands.

It also. wind erosion have been the focus of research by the United State Department of Agriculture’s Agricultural Research Service. To understand wind erosion and its control, we need to understand the processes involved.

Wind is simply air in motion. Air has mass and when mass is in motion, it has energy. That energy moves soil during wind erosion. 1A – Erosion and Sediment Control.

Content last updated J Management Measure. Apply the erosion component of a conservation management system (CMS) as defined in the Field Office Technical Guide of the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Natural Resources Conservation Service (USDA NRCS) to minimize the delivery of sediment from agricultural lands.

Soil erosion is the displacement of the upper layer of soil, it is one form of soil degradation. This natural process is caused by the dynamic activity of erosive agents, that is, water, ice, snow, air, plants, animals, and humans.

In accordance with these agents, erosion is sometimes divided into water erosion, glacial erosion, snow erosion, wind erosion, zoogenic erosion and. Surface cover is a major factor to control erosion because it reduces the impact of raindrops falling on bare soils and wind removing soil particles.

It also reduces the speed of water flowing over the land. Erosion risk is significantly reduced when there is more than 30% soil cover. Total cover is achievable for many grazing and cropping systems. The transformation of natural ecosystems to pasture lands has largely contributed to increased rates of soil erosion and the loss of soil nutrients and the top soil.

Overstocking and overgrazing has led to reduced ground cover and break down of the soil particles, giving room for erosion and accelerating the erosive effects by wind and rain.

Soil Erosion and Conservation provides a comprehensive treatment of the processes of soil erosion, the methods that can be used for their control, and the issues involved in designing and implementing soil conservation programmes.

Features of the third edition of this internationally recognised textbook include: New material on gully erosion, tillage practices, erosion risk.

How to Prevent Soil Erosion. Erosion is the loss of soil. As soil erodes, it loses nutrients, clogs rivers with dirt, and eventually turns the area into a desert.

Although erosion happens naturally, human activities can make it much worse. Plant grass and shrubs. Bare soil is easily swept away by wind and water, the 71%(). Wind erosion is hard to measure but some signs are bare soil, drifts, exposed plant roots and dust clouds.

Wind erosion can't be stopped, wind is a natural force of nature, but there are strategies that minimize wind erosion. Protective plant covering is necessary, without plants bare soil is vulnerable. Over-grazing must be limited if possible.

The two main causes of erosion are rain and wind. Rain causes topsoil runoff, leading to a loss of nutrients.

These issues are natural, and therefore difficult to control. However, many human influences also play a role in erosion. With agricultural land, the way the farmer works the soil is a chief factor in how extensive the effect.

For Texas farmers and ranchers, soil erosion is more than just an inconvenience — it can reduce crop yields, drive up production costs, damage water quality, and even create safety hazards for both people and animals. And while we have little control over the two main causes — wind and rain — we can take measures to minimize soil erosion and reduce its.

THE MEASURES OF SOIL EROSION 57 Improving Estimates of Wind Erosion To identify some of the problems and research needs in the area of wind erosion prediction, the committee commissioned a paper for the project on the subject of the WEE and its use in the 1 NRI (Gillette, 1 ~.

Effects of Soil Erosion: The main effects of soil erosion are as follows. Loss of Soil: The top-soil is lost by erosion which is the most fertile section, having evolved over centuries of soil-forming processes. Due to formation of gullies and ravines, valuable agricultural lands are lost.

By applying some relatively simple steps, you can control and prevent soil erosion. The four most common soil erosion prevention methods are vegetation, geotextiles, mulch, and retaining walls. Preventing soil erosion is critical in protecting your property and exposed soil, whether from wind, weather, running water, and even the after-affects.

A field method for soil erosion measurements in agricultural and natural lands Y.P. Hsieh, K.T. Grant, and G.c. Bugna Abstract: Soil erosion is one of the most important watershed processe~ in nature, yet quan­ tifying it under field conditions remains a challenge.

The lack of soil erosion Cited by: 4. Soil degradation is one of the most serious ecological and environmental problems facing the world [].In China, the total land area affected by soil degradation is approximatelykm 2, accounting for % of the national territory [].It recognized that water erosion, wind erosion, salinization, acidification, and soil contamination are the main factors leading to soil Cited by: The topography of a given landscape, its rainfall and/or wind and exposure all combine to influence its susceptibility to erosion.

In the Philippines, where more than 58% of the land has a slope of greater than 11%, and in Jamaica, where 52% of the land has a slope greater than 20%, soil erosion rates as high as t/ha-yr have been. With the election of Franklin D. Roosevelt as President inconservation of soil and water resources became a national priority in the New Deal administration.

The National Industrial Recovery Act (P.L. ) passed in June included funds to fight soil erosion. With this money, the Soil Erosion Service (SES) was established in the. Woodruff, N.P. Residue maintenance by various types of farm machines.

Prepared for "Guide for Wind Erosion Control on Cropland in the Great Plains States." USDA, SCS, pp. ; July Woodruff, N.P. Windbreaks and other wind barriers for wind erosion control.

Prepared for "Guide for Wind Erosion Control on Cropland in the Great Plains. Soil erosion occurs when soil is removed through the action of wind and water at a greater rate than it is formed SOIL The soil covering the surface of the earth has taken millions of years to form and we must learn to respect it.

Soil is formed at a rate of only 1 cm every. In earth science, pdf is the action pdf surface processes (such as water flow or wind) that removes soil, rock, or dissolved material from one location on the Earth's crust, and then transports it to another location (not to be confused with weathering which involves no movement).

This natural process is caused by the dynamic activity of erosive agents, that is. Wind erosion. Wind erosion occurs when the land surface is left bare in regions that are arid enough, as download pdf result of low rainfall, to allow the soil to dry out, and flat enough to allow the wind to carry the soil away over several consecutive days.

Grass is the best natural soil protector against soil erosion because of its relatively dense.Soil erosion, use of chemical ebook and herbicides, unsustainable agricultural practices, excessive farming, water pollution and land pollution are some of the aspects upsetting the natural functions of the soil.

This is where soil conservation comes in. Soil conservation is the practice of protecting the soil against erosion or deterioration.